Fine Art

Liu Kuo Sung (Guosung)


Liu Kuo-sung, also known as Guosung, is a highly respected Taiwanese artist born in 1932. He is widely considered one of the most important figures in contemporary Chinese art and is particularly known for his contributions to the development of ink painting.

Liu Kuo-sung was born in Changsha, Hunan province, in mainland China and was forced to flee to Taiwan during the Chinese Civil War in 1949. In Taiwan, Liu quickly established himself as a leading artist, founding the Fifth Moon Group in 1957, an association of artists dedicated to promoting modern and abstract art in Taiwan. Through this group, Liu was instrumental in introducing contemporary painting techniques and theories to the Chinese art scene.

As an artist, Liu Kuo-sung is predominantly known for his avant-garde approach to traditional ink painting, which he refers to as “new ink painting.” This style developed from his early years studying classical ink painting techniques, which he tirelessly experimented with in order to capture the nuances of light, textures, and spatial depth.

Liu Guosong’s new ink painting style was groundbreaking for its innovative use of color and form. While traditional ink painting is often monochromatic, Liu began to experiment with using vivid colors and bold, expressive brushstrokes. His paintings are often characterized by large, sweeping gestural movements, and dynamic textures created through the layering of colors and ink.

Liu’s works also frequently incorporate elements of Chinese calligraphy, as he believes that calligraphy and painting are two parts of the same artistic tradition. This blending of techniques creates a unique visual language that bridges the gap between traditional ink painting and contemporary art.

In addition to his work as an artist, Liu Kuo-sung has also made significant contributions as an educator, founding the Department of Fine Arts at the Chinese Culture University in Taipei in 1962. There, he helped mentor and train a new generation of artists, many of whom have gone on to become influential figures in the art world.

Liu has received numerous accolades for his contributions to art, including the National Cultural Award in Taiwan in 1985 and the Order of Brilliant Star from the Republic of China in 1994. His works have been exhibited in museums and galleries around the world, including the Guggenheim Museum in New York, the National Museum of History in Taipei, and the Jilin Art Museum in China.

In recent years, Liu Kuo-sung’s new ink painting style has inspired a growing interest in the contemporary Chinese ink painting movement. His emphasis on experimentation and innovation has paved the way for younger artists to push the boundaries of traditional ink painting techniques and explore new artistic possibilities.

Overall, Liu Kuo-sung’s contributions to the world of art are immeasurable. His “new ink painting” style has created a bridge between traditional Chinese art and contemporary art, and his pioneering work has influenced generations of artists both in Taiwan and around the world.